During the Middle Ages the town changed hands between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Serbian Despotate (of which it was the capital) until 1521, when it was captured by the Ottoman Empire.
But this period of stability did not last, and the country broke up into five new republics after the Yugoslav wars.
Not long after that, the city saw violence again in 1999, as it was heavily bombed for 78 days by NATO forces.
Belgrade (Serbian: Београд, Beograd) — meaning 'White City' — is the capital of the Republic of Serbia.
Various styles of architecture dominate the city while its recent resurgence as the leading hub in south-eastern Europe makes it a must-see destination.
Belgrade is the capital of the Republic of Serbia and is, as such, the country's largest city with a population of about 1.8 million people.